PROCESSOR SPECIFIC DIRECTIVES .setdp Directive Format: .setdp [base [,area]] The set direct page directive has a common format in all the as- semblers supporting a paged mode. The .setdp directive is used to inform the AS78K0 assembler of the current SFR page region and the offset address within the selected area. The normal in- vocation methods are: .area SFR (PAG) .setdp or .setdp 0xFF00,SFR The directives specify that the direct page is in area SFR and its offset address is 0xFF00 (the only valid value for all r78k0 microprocessor variations). Be sure to place the SFR area at address 0xFF00 during linking. When the base address and area are not specified, then 0xFF00 and the current area are the defaults. If a .setdp directive is not issued the assembler defaults the direct page to the area "CODE" at offset 0xFF00. The assembler verifies that any local variable used in an SFR variable reference is located in this area. Local variable and constant value direct access addresses are checked to be within the address range from 0xFF00 to 0xFFFF. External SFR references are assumed by the assembler to be in the correct area and have valid offsets. The linker will check all SFR page relocations to verify that they are within the cor- rect area. .xerr Directive Format: .xerr [n] The expanded error directive outputs alternate error messages for the <a> error at the commmand line and in the listing files created by the assembler. The modes are: .xerr  Restores the default <a> error reporting. .xerr 1 Replaces the <a> error with the <x> error which lists the source line containing the error on the stdout device. .xerr 2 Replaces the <a> error with the <x> error which lists the source line containing the error on the stdout device and also outputs an additional <x> error describing the detected error. .xerr 3 Replaces the <a> error with the <x> error which lists the source line containing the error on the stdout device and also outputs an additional <x> error describing the detected error. The additional <x> error describing the detected error is inserted into the optional listing file.
78K/0 REGISTER SET The following is a list of the 78K/0 registers used by AS78K0: x(r0), a(r1), 8-bit registers c(r2), b(r3), e(r4), d(r5), l(r6), h(r7) ax(rp0), 16-bit registers bc(rp1), de(rp2), hl(rp3) rb0, rb1, register bank selection rb2, rb3 sp Stack pointer psw Program status word cy Carry flag Register names are NOT case sensitive.
78K/0 INSTRUCTION SET The following tables list all 78K/0 mnemonics recognized by the AS78K0 assembler. The designation  refers to a required addressing mode argument. The first list specifies the format for each addressing mode supported by AS78K0: addr16 direct addressing via a 16-bit address !addr16 immediate addressing only required for the long br instruction addr11 direct addressing via an 11-bit address [addr5] indirect addressing via a 5-bit address @saddr short direct addressing 0xFE20 <= saddr <= 0xFF1F @saddr.bit short direct addressing @saddr,bit with bit addressing (0-7) 0xFE20 <= saddr <= 0xFF1F *sfr special function registers 0xFF00 <= sfr <= 0xFFCF or 0xFFE0 <= sfr <= 0xFFFF *sfr.bit special function registers *sfr,bit wiht bit addressing (0-7) 0xFF00 <= sfr <= 0xFFCF or 0xFFE0 <= sfr <= 0xFFFF label branch label (pc relative addressing) #byte immediate data (8 bit) #word immediate data (16 bit) rn registers (8 bit) x, a, c, b, e, d, l, h r0-r7 rpn registers (16 bit) ax, bc, de, hl rp0-rp3 rbn register bank rb0-rb3 sp stack pointer psw program status register cy carry flag [DE], [HL] register indirect addressing [HL+byte] based register indirect addressing [HL,byte] [HL+B] [HL,B] [HL+C] [HL,C] [HL].bit register indirect addressing with bit addressing The terms addr16, addr11, addr5, saddr, sfr, bit, label, byte, and word may all be expressions. Absolute addresses (CONSTANTS) will be checked as being in the 'saddr' range first and then as being in the 'sfr' range if no explicit @ or * is specified. The bit addressing modes *sfr.bit and @saddr.bit use the '.' as a seperator from the address and the bit value. The bit value can be a numeric constant, a named constant, an expres- sion, or a combination of these. Because the '.' is also a le- gal character in a name or label the assembler may not be able to resolve the address and bit value. The optional method of using a ',' to seperate the address and bit value may be used in this case. If the 'sfr' or 'saddr' address is external then the user is responsible to ensure the addresses are in the proper ranges. Paging ERRORS for 'sfr' may be reported by the linker. Note that not all addressing modes are valid with every in- struction, refer to the 78K/0 technical data for valid modes.
Inherent Instructions nop halt stop ret retb reti di ei brk adjba adjbs
Branch Instructions bc label bnc label bz label bnz label br  dbnz ,addr16 bt ,addr16 bf ,addr16 btclr ,addr16
Single Operand Instructions inc  dec  incw rpn dec rpn set1  clr1  set1 cy clr1 cy not1 cy ror4 [HL] rol4 [HL] call addr16 callt [addr5] callf addr11 mulu x divuw c push  pop 
Double Operand Instructions movw sp,ax movw ax,sp movw , xchw ax,rpn add a, add saddr,#byte addc a, addc saddr,#byte sub a, sub saddr,#byte subc a, subc saddr,#byte and a, and saddr,#byte or a, or saddr,#byte xor a, xor saddr,#byte cmp a, cmp saddr,#byte mov1 cy, mov1 ,cy and1 cy, and1 ,cy or1 cy, or1 ,cy xor1 cy, xor1 ,cy adddw ax,#word subw ax,#word cmpw ax,#word ror a,1 rol a,1 rorc a,1 rolc a,1
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Last Updated: January 2019